Few people recognize that swimsuits, as we know them today, are a comparatively recent notion. The thought of

wearing special clothing to swim in is just a century old.
160.
our national heritage.
161. Many YMCA, college, and high school male-only pools or swimming classes were historically
“swimsuit-optional” or bare-only until federally-mandated “equivalent access” athletic systems (for the interest of women)
were instituted in the mid 1970s.231
162. Nowadays, there are still public places where nudity is, by more or custom, the accepted
practice.
Nudity is the standard, for example, in natural crude hot springs and on nude beaches; and, virtually
163.
Oregon) and Canada (Wreck Beach, British Columbia)–and most of http://picsnudism.com –have existed for
decades without major issues.232
164. Many highly respected folks, historic and contemporary, have espoused or participated in
Naturism to some level.
Benjamin Franklin took daily nude “atmosphere baths.” 233 So did Henry David Thoreau, who was also a regular
skinnydipper.234 Alexander Graham Bell was a skinnydipper and nude sunbather.235 George Bernard Shaw, Walt
Whitman, Eugene O’Neill, and painter Thomas Eakins argued in favor of social nudity.236
President John Quincy Adams was a routine skinnydipper. Based on reports, “each morning he got up
before dawn, walked across the White House lawn to the Potomac River, took off his clothes and swam in the nude.
He then returned to the White House to possess breakfast, read the Bible and run the state.” 237 President Theodore
Roosevelt frequently swam naked in Rock Creek Park in Washington, once skinny dipping with the French diplomat,
Jules Jusserand.238 President Lyndon Johnson occasionally swam nude with guests in the white house pool,
239 Senator Edward Kennedy has been photographed skinnydipping at public
beaches in Florida.
House pool.240 Many U.S. congressmen enjoy nude recreation, albeit segregated: U.S. Senate members may use the
be males on hand), and Representatives may use a clothes-optional steam room, where President Bush was said by
Newsweek to hang out sans towel with his pals. Representatives additionally sunbathed naked on the Speaker’s Veranda until
one day in 1973 when Rep. Patricia Schroeder wandered into the party inadvertently.241
Billionaire insurance guy John D. MacArthur often went skinnydipping, and left a shore to the state
of Florida, meaning that a piece be designated clothing-optional (a wish that’s been spurned); word has it that
MacArthur went skinnydipping with Walt Disney at this beach in the late 1960s.242 World Bank president and
former U.S. Defense Secretary Robert McNamara, and American Civil Liberties Union founder Roger Baldwin,
both have been regular skinnydippers.243 Charles F. Richter, the co-inventor of the earthquake measuring system,
was a life -long nudist and Naturist.244 Celebrity Lynn Redgrave and her family practice societal nudism.245 Actresses
Bridget Fonda and Brigitte Bardot love social nudity.246 The late actor Gary Merrill advocated nudism.247
Christy Brinkley openly acknowledges to frequenting nude beaches,248 and Christian singer Amy Grant goes topfree on
foreign beaches while on tour overseas.249 Even the late Dr. Seuss published approval of a nudist doctrine, in
one of his first novels.250
165.
part of the utopian ideal.
R. Martin writes: “Anthropologically, nakedness would appear to be the best and worst of states.
Involuntary stripping to nakedness is defeat or poverty, but willed nakedness could be an ideal kind.” 251 Nudity is
Additionally consistent with the Christian utopian idea of heaven, in which, according to biblical accounts, clothing is not
necessary.
166. Nudity has frequently been used, historically, as a sign of protest or rebellion against oppression.
For instance, the early Quakers, in mid-17th century England, regularly used nudity as an element of protest.
Historian Elbert Russell notes that “A variety of men and girls were arrested and penalized for public indecency

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